confint-MASS {MASS}R Documentation

Confidence Intervals for Model Parameters


Computes confidence intervals for one or more parameters in a fitted model. Package MASS adds methods for glm and nls fits.


## S3 method for class 'glm':
confint(object, parm, level = 0.95, trace = FALSE, ...)

## S3 method for class 'nls':
confint(object, parm, level = 0.95, ...)


object a fitted model object. Methods currently exist for the classes "glm", "nls" and for profile objects from these classes.
parm a specification of which parameters are to be given confidence intervals, either a vector of numbers or a vector of names. If missing, all parameters are considered.
level the confidence level required.
trace logical. Should profiling be traced?
... additional argument(s) for methods.


confint is a generic function in package base.

These confint methods calls the appropriate profile method, then finds the confidence intervals by interpolation in the profile traces. If the profile object is already available it should be used as the main argument rather than the fitted model object itself.


A matrix (or vector) with columns giving lower and upper confidence limits for each parameter. These will be labelled as (1-level)/2 and 1 - (1-level)/2 in % (by default 2.5% and 97.5%).


Venables, W. N. and Ripley, B. D. (2002) Modern Applied Statistics with S. Fourth edition. Springer.

See Also



expn1 <- deriv(y ~ b0 + b1 * 2^(-x/th), c("b0", "b1", "th"),
               function(b0, b1, th, x) {}) <- nls(Weight ~ expn1(b0, b1, th, Days),
   data = wtloss, start = c(b0=90, b1=95, th=120))

expn2 <- deriv(~b0 + b1*((w0 - b0)/b1)^(x/d0),
         c("b0","b1","d0"), function(b0, b1, d0, x, w0) {})

wtloss.init <- function(obj, w0) {
  p <- coef(obj)
  d0 <-  - log((w0 - p["b0"])/p["b1"])/log(2) * p["th"]
  c(p[c("b0", "b1")], d0 = as.vector(d0))

out <- NULL
w0s <- c(110, 100, 90)
for(w0 in w0s) {
    fm <- nls(Weight ~ expn2(b0, b1, d0, Days, w0),
              wtloss, start = wtloss.init(, w0))
    out <- rbind(out, c(coef(fm)["d0"], confint(fm, "d0")))
dimnames(out) <- list(paste(w0s, "kg:"),  c("d0", "low", "high"))

ldose <- rep(0:5, 2)
numdead <- c(1, 4, 9, 13, 18, 20, 0, 2, 6, 10, 12, 16)
sex <- factor(rep(c("M", "F"), c(6, 6)))
SF <- cbind(numdead, numalive = 20 - numdead)
budworm.lg0 <- glm(SF ~ sex + ldose - 1, family = binomial)
confint(budworm.lg0, "ldose")

[Package MASS version 7.2-23 Index]