aCGH {aCGH}R Documentation

Class aCGH

Description

Objects of this class represent batch of arrays of Comparative Genomic Hybridization data. In addition to that, there are slots for representing phenotype and various genomic events associated with aCGH experiments, such as transitions, amplifications, aberrations, and whole chromosomal gains and losses. Currently objects of class aCGH are represented as S3 classes which are named list of lists with functions for accessing elements of that list. In the future, it's anticipated that aCGH objects will be implemented using S4 classes and methods.

Details

One way of creating objects of class aCGH is to provide the two mandatory arguments to create.aCGH function: log2.ratios and clones.info. Alternatively aCGH object can be created using aCGH.read.Sprocs that reads Sproc data files and creates object of type aCGH.

Value

log2.ratios Data frame containing the log2 ratios of copy number changes; rows correspond to the clones and the columns to the samples (Mandatory).
clones.info Data frame containing information about the clones used for comparative genomic hybridization. The number of rows of clones.info has to match the number of rows in log2.ratios (Mandatory).
phenotype Data frame containing phenotypic information about samples used in the experiment generating the data. The number of rows of phenotype has to match the number of columns in log2.ratios (Optional).
log2.ratios.imputed Data frame containing the imputed log2 ratios. Calculate this using impute.lowess function; look at the examples below (Optional).
hmm The structure of the hmm element is described in hmm. Calculate this using find.hmm.states function; look at the examples below (Optional).
hmm Similar to the structure of the hmm element. Calculate this using mergeHmmStates function; look at the examples below (Optional).
sd.samples The structure of the sd.samples element is described in computeSD.Samples. Calculate this using computeSD.Samples function; look at the examples below (Optional). It is prerequisite that the hmm states are estimated first.
genomic.events The structure of the genomic.events element is described in find.genomic.events. Calculate this using find.genomic.events function; look also at the examples below. It is prerequisite that the hmm states and sd.samples are computed first. The genomic.events is used widely in variety of plotting functions such as plotHmmStates, plotFreqStat, and plotSummaryProfile.
dim.aCGH returns the dimensions of the aCGH object: number of clones by number of samples.
num.clones number of clones/number of rows of the log2.ratios data.frame.
nrow.aCGH same as num.clones.
is.aCGH tests if its argument is an object of class aCGH.
num.samples number of samples/number of columns of the log2.ratios data.frame.
nrow.aCGH same as num.samples.
num.chromosomes number of chromosomes processed and stored in the aCGH object.
clone.names returns the names of the clones stored in the clones.info slot of the aCGH object.
row.names.aCGH same as clone.names.
sample.names returns the names of the samples used to create the aCGH object. If the object is created using aCGH.read.Sprocs, these are the file names of the individual arrays.
col.names.aCGH same as sample.names.
[.aCGH subsetting function. Works the same way as [.data.frame.

Most of the functions/slots listed above have assignment operators '<-' associated with them.

Note

clones.info slot has to contain a list with at least 4 columns: Clone (clone name), Target (unique ID, e.g. Well ID), Chrom (chromosome number, X chromosome = 23 in human and 20 in mouse, Y chromosome = 24 in human and 21 in mouse) and kb (kb position on the chromosome).

Author(s)

Peter Dimitrov

See Also

aCGH.read.Sprocs, find.hmm.states, computeSD.Samples, find.genomic.events, plotGenome, plotHmmStates, plotFreqStat, plotSummaryProfile

Examples


## Creating aCGH object from log2.ratios and clone info files
## For alternative way look at aCGH.read.Sprocs help

datadir <- system.file(package = "aCGH")
datadir <- paste(datadir, "/examples", sep="")

clones.info <-
      read.table(file = file.path(datadir, "clones.info.ex.txt"),
                 header = TRUE, sep = "\t", quote="", comment.char="")
log2.ratios <-
      read.table(file = file.path(datadir, "log2.ratios.ex.txt"),
                 header = TRUE, sep = "\t", quote="", comment.char="")
pheno.type <-
      read.table(file = file.path(datadir, "pheno.type.ex.txt"),
                 header = TRUE, sep = "\t", quote="", comment.char="")
ex.acgh <- create.aCGH(log2.ratios, clones.info, pheno.type)

## Printing, summary and basic plotting for objects of class aCGH

data(colorectal)
colorectal
summary(colorectal)
sample.names(colorectal)
phenotype(colorectal)
plot(colorectal)

## Subsetting aCGH object

colorectal[1:1000, 1:30]

## Imputing the log2 ratios 

log2.ratios.imputed(ex.acgh) <- impute.lowess(ex.acgh)

## Determining hmm states of the clones
## WARNING: Calculating the states takes some time

##in the interests of time, hmm-finding function is commented out
##instead the states previosuly save are assigned
##hmm(ex.acgh) <- find.hmm.states(ex.acgh)

hmm(ex.acgh) <- ex.acgh.hmm
hmm.merged(ex.acgh) <-
   mergeHmmStates(ex.acgh, model.use = 1, minDiff = .25)

## Calculating the standard deviations for each array

sd.samples(ex.acgh) <- computeSD.Samples(ex.acgh)

## Finding the genomic events associated with each sample

genomic.events(ex.acgh) <- find.genomic.events(ex.acgh)

## Plotting and printing the hmm states

plotHmmStates(ex.acgh, 1)
pdf("hmm.states.temp.pdf")
plotHmmStates(ex.acgh, 1)
dev.off()

## Plotting summary of the sample profiles

plotSummaryProfile(colorectal)


[Package aCGH version 1.1.4 Index]