is.finite {base} | R Documentation |

`is.finite`

and `is.infinite`

return a vector of the same
length as `x`

, indicating which elements are finite (not infinite
and not missing).

`Inf`

and `-Inf`

are positive and negative “infinity”
whereas `NaN`

means “Not a Number”. (These apply to numeric
values and real and imaginary parts of complex values but not to
values of integer vectors.)

is.finite(x) is.infinite(x) Inf NaN is.nan(x)

`x` |
(numerical) object to be tested. |

`is.finite`

returns a vector of the same length as `x`

the jth element of which is `TRUE`

if `x[j]`

is
finite (i.e., it is not one of the values `NA`

, `NaN`

,
`Inf`

or `-Inf`

). All elements of character and
generic (list) vectors are false, so `is.finite`

is only useful for
logical, integer, numeric and complex vectors. Complex numbers are
finite if both the real and imaginary parts are.

`is.infinite`

returns a vector of the same length as `x`

the jth element of which is `TRUE`

if `x[j]`

is
infinite (i.e., equal to one of `Inf`

or `-Inf`

). This will
be false unless `x`

is numeric or complex. Complex numbers are
infinite if either the real and imaginary part is.

`is.nan`

tests if a numeric value is `NaN`

. Do not test
equality to `NaN`

, or even use `identical`

,
since systems typically have many different NaN values.
In most ports of **R** one of these is used for the numeric missing
value `NA`

. It is generic: you can write methods to handle
specific classes of objects, see InternalMethods.

In **R**, basically all mathematical functions (including basic
`Arithmetic`

), are supposed to work properly with
`+/- Inf`

and `NaN`

as input or output.

The basic rule should be that calls and relations with `Inf`

s
really are statements with a proper mathematical *limit*.

The IEC 60559 standard, also know as the ANSI/IEEE 754 Floating-Point Standard.

D. Goldberg (1991) *What Every Computer Scientist Should Know
about Floating-Point Arithmetic* ACM Computing Surveys, **23(1)**.

Postscript version available at
http://www.validlab.com/goldberg/paper.ps

http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/754/ for accessible information.

The C99 function `isfinite`

is used for `is.finite`

if available.

`NA`

, ‘*Not Available*’ which is not a number
as well, however usually used for missing values and applies to many
modes, not just numeric.

pi / 0 ## = Inf a non-zero number divided by zero creates infinity 0 / 0 ## = NaN 1/0 + 1/0# Inf 1/0 - 1/0# NaN stopifnot( 1/0 == Inf, 1/Inf == 0 ) sin(Inf) cos(Inf) tan(Inf)

[Package *base* version 2.2.1 Index]