lvq3 {class}R Documentation

Learning Vector Quantization 3


Moves examples in a codebook to better represent the training set.


lvq3(x, cl, codebk, niter = 100*nrow(codebk$x), alpha = 0.03,
     win = 0.3, epsilon = 0.1)


x a matrix or data frame of examples
cl a vector or factor of classifications for the examples
codebk a codebook
niter number of iterations
alpha constant for training
win a tolerance for the closeness of the two nearest vectors.
epsilon proportion of move for correct vectors


Selects niter examples at random with replacement, and adjusts the nearest two examples in the codebook for each.


A codebook, represented as a list with components x and cl giving the examples and classes.


Kohonen, T. (1990) The self-organizing map. Proc. IEEE 78, 1464–1480.

Kohonen, T. (1995) Self-Organizing Maps. Springer, Berlin.

Ripley, B. D. (1996) Pattern Recognition and Neural Networks. Cambridge.

Venables, W. N. and Ripley, B. D. (2002) Modern Applied Statistics with S. Fourth edition. Springer.

See Also

lvqinit, lvq1, olvq1, lvq2, lvqtest


train <- rbind(iris3[1:25,,1], iris3[1:25,,2], iris3[1:25,,3])
test <- rbind(iris3[26:50,,1], iris3[26:50,,2], iris3[26:50,,3])
cl <- factor(c(rep("s",25), rep("c",25), rep("v",25)))
cd <- lvqinit(train, cl, 10)
lvqtest(cd, train)
cd0 <- olvq1(train, cl, cd)
lvqtest(cd0, train)
cd3 <- lvq3(train, cl, cd0)
lvqtest(cd3, train)

[Package class version 7.2-23 Index]