power.t.test {ctest} R Documentation

## Power calculations for one and two sample t tests

### Description

Compute power of test, or determine parameters to obtain target power.

### Usage

```power.t.test(n=NULL, delta=NULL, sd=1, sig.level=0.05, power=NULL,
type=c("two.sample", "one.sample", "paired"),
alternative=c("two.sided", "one.sided"), strict=FALSE)
```

### Arguments

 `n` Number of observations (per group) `delta` True difference in means `sd` Standard deviation `sig.level` Significance level (Type I error probability) `power` Power of test (1 minus Type II error probability) `type` Type of t test `alternative` One- or two-sided test `strict` Use strict interpretation in two-sided case

### Details

Exactly one of the parameters `n`, `delta`, `power`, `sd`, and `sig.level` must be passed as NULL, and that parameter is determined from the others. Notice that the last two have non-NULL defaults so NULL must be explicitly passed if you want to compute them.

If `strict=TRUE` is used, the power will include the probability of rejection in the opposite direction of the true effect, in the two-sided case. Without this the power will be half the significance level if the true difference is zero.

### Value

Object of class `"power.htest"`, a list of the arguments (including the computed one) augmented with `method` and `note` elements.

### Note

`uniroot` is used to solve power equation for unknowns, so you may see errors from it, notably about inability to bracket the root when invalid arguments are given.

### Author(s)

Peter Dalgaard. Based on previous work by Claus Ekstrřm

`t.test`, `uniroot`
``` power.t.test(n=20, delta=1)