cshell {e1071}R Documentation

Fuzzy C-Shell Clustering


The c-shell clustering algorithm, the shell prototype-based version (ring prototypes) of the fuzzy kmeans clustering method.


cshell(x, centers, iter.max=100, verbose=FALSE, dist="euclidean",
       method="cshell", m=2, radius = NULL)


x The data matrix, were columns correspond to the variables and rows to observations.
centers Number of clusters or initial values for cluster centers
iter.max Maximum number of iterations
verbose If TRUE, make some output during learning
dist Must be one of the following: If "euclidean", the mean square error, if "manhattan", the mean absolute error is computed. Abbreviations are also accepted.
method Currently, only the "cshell" method; the c-shell fuzzy clustering method
m The degree of fuzzification. It is defined for values greater than 1
radius The radius of resulting clusters


The data given by x is clustered by the fuzzy c-shell algorithm.

If centers is a matrix, its rows are taken as the initial cluster centers. If centers is an integer, centers rows of x are randomly chosen as initial values.

The algorithm stops when the maximum number of iterations (given by iter.max) is reached.

If verbose is TRUE, it displays for each iteration the number the value of the objective function.

If dist is "euclidean", the distance between the cluster center and the data points is the Euclidean distance (ordinary kmeans algorithm). If "manhattan", the distance between the cluster center and the data points is the sum of the absolute values of the distances of the coordinates.

If method is "cshell", then we have the c-shell fuzzy clustering method.

The parameters m defines the degree of fuzzification. It is defined for real values greater than 1 and the bigger it is the more fuzzy the membership values of the clustered data points are.

The parameter radius is by default set to 0.2 for every cluster.


cshell returns an object of class "cshell".

centers The final cluster centers.
size The number of data points in each cluster.
cluster Vector containing the indices of the clusters where the data points are assigned to. The maximum membership value of a point is considered for partitioning it to a cluster.
iter The number of iterations performed.
membership a matrix with the membership values of the data points to the clusters.
withinerror Returns the sum of square distances within the clusters.
call Returns a call in which all of the arguments are specified by their names.


Evgenia Dimitriadou


Rajesh N. Dave. Fuzzy Shell-Clustering and Applications to Circle Detection in Digital Images. Int. J. of General Systems, Vol. 16, pp. 343-355, 1996.


## a 2-dimensional example

# assign classes to some new data
#         ycl<-predict(cl, y, type="both")

[Package e1071 version 1.5-2 Index]