naiveBayes {e1071}R Documentation

Naive Bayes Classifier


Computes the conditional a-posterior probabilities of a categorical class variable given independent predictor variables using the Bayes rule.


## S3 method for class 'formula':
naiveBayes(formula, data, ..., subset, na.action = na.pass)
## Default S3 method:
naiveBayes(x, y, ...)


x A numeric matrix, or a data frame of categorical and/or numeric variables.
y Class vector.
formula A formula of the form class ~ x1 + x2 + .... Interactions are not allowed.
data Either a data frame of predictors (caegorical and/or numeric) or a contingency table.
... Currently not used.
subset For data given in a data frame, an index vector specifying the cases to be used in the training sample. (NOTE: If given, this argument must be named.)
na.action A function to specify the action to be taken if NAs are found. The default action is not to count them for the computation of the probability factors. An alternative is na.omit, which leads to rejection of cases with missing values on any required variable. (NOTE: If given, this argument must be named.)


The standard naive Bayes classifier (at least this implementation) assumes independence of the predictor variables, and gaussian distribution (given the target class) of metric predictors.


An object of class "naiveBayes" including components:

apriori Class distribution for the dependent variable.
tables A list of tables, one for each predictor variable. For each categorical variable a table giving, for each attribute level, the conditional probabilities given the target class. For each numeric variable, a table giving, for each target class, mean and standard deviation of the (sub-)variable.


David Meyer

See Also



## Categorical data only:
model <- naiveBayes(Class ~ ., data = HouseVotes84)
predict(model, HouseVotes84[1:10,-1])
predict(model, HouseVotes84[1:10,-1], type = "raw")

pred <- predict(model, HouseVotes84[,-1])
table(pred, HouseVotes84$Class)

## Example of using a contingency table:
m <- naiveBayes(Survived ~ ., data = Titanic)

## Example with metric predictors:
m <- naiveBayes(Species ~ ., data = iris)
## alternatively:
m <- naiveBayes(iris[,-5], iris[,5])
table(predict(m, iris[,-5]), iris[,5])

[Package e1071 version 1.5-2 Index]